Texas billionaire and political outsider Ross Perot said he had lived the American Dream
Texan billionaire Ross Perot, who in the 1990s twice ran for US president against candidates from the two main parties, has died at the age of 89.
Described as idiosyncratic and feisty, he pioneered the computer data industry by founding his own company in 1962.
But he was best known for running in the 1992 campaign, advocating balanced budgets and calling for an end to the outsourcing of jobs abroad.
Perot took almost a fifth of the popular vote in the three-way race.
That made him one of the most successful independent candidates in US history, and was believed to have helped Democrat Bill Clinton defeat incumbent George HW Bush.
Perot ran for president again in 1996, after forming the Reform Party. He was diagnosed with leukaemia earlier this year.
“Ross Perot, the ground-breaking businessman and loving husband, brother, father and grandfather, passed away early Tuesday at his home in Dallas, surrounded by his devoted family,” the Perot family said in a statement on Friday.
Reacting to the news, Vice-President Mike Pence said Perot had been “a great American, a true patriot and a steadfast supporter of our military”.
George W Bush – son George HW Bush and US president from 2001 to 2009 – called him a “strong patriot” who “epitomised the entrepreneurial spirit and the American creed”.
Born in 1930, during the Great Depression, Perot grew up in poverty. He began his technology career working in sales for IBM, before founding Electronic Data Systems (EDS) in 1962, at the age of 32.
The company made him rich. In the 1980s he set up Perot Systems which was eventually acquired by Dell for $3.9bn.
As an employer, Perot was known for his quirks – particularly his strict dress code. Workers had to wear white shirts and ties, and beards were banned.
When two of his employees were jailed in Iran in 1979 over a contract dispute – just before the Islamic Revolution – he financed a private commando rescue in a raid that inspired a book and a film.
He championed patriotic causes, and in the late 1970s and 1980s claimed that hundreds of missing US soldiers had been left behind and imprisoned after the Vietnam War.
The 1992 campaign – during which Perot spent $63m (£50m) of his own money – made him a household name. At one point in June that year, he had a lead over both his mainstream rivals. Perot finished a strong third in the November election.
His second campaign in 1996 was less successful. He did not take part in presidential debates and got just 8% of the vote. (BBC)